Informationen zur Tour The Trails of Pfeffersberg
- 1:30 h
- 150 m
- 150 m
- Max. height
- 701 m
Along this route, you’ll become acquainted with a number of different grape varieties and will learn about winemaking and the processing of the noble grape. In the Bible alone, wine, grapes, vineyards, and related expressions are mentioned about 500 times. That underscores the importance of wine for civilization.
Stations along the route
1. The History of Wine
3000 B.C.: First indications of wine-growing in the area of Brixen / Bressanone (finds dating back to the Iron Age near the village of Stufels). Wine was grown in the province of Rhaetia even before the Romans occupied it. From the 12th Century onwards, especially monasteries and noblemen in southern German-speaking areas promote wine-making. Following the crisis in the wine industry in the 1980s, wine-growers and the wine sector pay more attention to quality. The subsequent success they experience proves them right.
The variety of grape known as »Gewürztraminer« probably originated in the South Tyrolean village of Tramin. This grape makes very high demands with respect to terroir and soil composition and requires a great deal of care and attention. Small leaves and reddish-brown grapes are characteristic of this variety. The resultant wine is very aromatic, with an unmistakable bouquet reminiscent of roses, cloves, and spices.
3. Glaciers and wine
The soils in this area are a relict of the Ice Age. Gigantic glaciers left tremendous amounts of debris in their wake. These loose and easily warmed gravelly soils are permeable for air and water and are optimal for wine-growing. The low amounts of precipitation and lots of sunshine are additional favorable factors. Our life depends upon this thin skin of earth – the soil.
4. The Ecological Trail
Ecological grape-growing takes natural lifecycles into account. The eco-system’s ability to regulate itself is exploited. The use of synthetic chemical agents is strictly prohibited. Ecological grape-growing protects the landscape and promotes biodiversity in this important ecological habitat.
5. Sylvaner and Kerner
This variety of grape originated in Germany. It was introduced into South Tyrol around the year 1900. Today, this variety is cultivated primarily in the Eisack / Isarco Valley – especially on the lower, warm slopes. The resultant wine is light yellow in color, with a greenish tint, and is characterized by a mild, fruity note reminiscent of peach, apple, and apricot.
6. Wine-Making throughout the Year
On an average, each wine-maker visits his grapevines about 15 times a year (to cut and bind them, till and fertilize the soil, mow, mulch, spray several times, clear and prune, as well as thin and harvest), after which the wine must still be processed in the wine cellar. Making a good wine is a long and arduous process.
7. Grüner Veltriner
The Grüner Veltliner comes from Austria. In South Tyrol, it is cultivated almost only in the Eisack / Isarco Valley. This grape prefers deep, fertile, and warm soils. The resultant wine has a greenish to light yellow color, and presents a mild and pleasant nose.
Parking space Gasthof Ziggler
By train to Bressanone and then by bus in direction to Velturno to the restaurant Gasthof Ziggler.
Throught the Valle Isarco valley to the restaurant Gasthof Ziggler