Architecture in South Tyrol – culturally diverse, bringing together urban and rural, the functional and the aesthetic. Religious architecture has had a great influence as a result of Catholicism's prevalence. The rise of mercantilism and tourism led to a shift in architectural fashion. High-profile guests from all over Europe enjoyed extravagant stays surrounded by the rugged mountains. When Fascism arrived, it brought its own striking style with it. South Tyrol's modern architecture is characterised by environmentally friendly construction and a return to natural and local materials.