Piazza Vittoria was the central starting point for the urban expansion of Bolzano during the fascist regime.
At the beginning of the 30s the architect and city planner Marcello Piacentini was appointed to implement the architectural expansion of the city of Bolzano. The base idea was to create an "Italian" city with a representative district (the monument district) at the heart of which was the square Piazza della Vittoria. The Monumento alla Vittoria monument divides Piazza della Vittoria in two extremely distinct areas from an architectural standpoint. The side of the square facing the Talvera river was expanded thanks to the containment of the river bed. Doing so, on the one hand, created a connection with the historical centre located on the other side of the river, and, on the other, enabled the creation of larger spaces to give more prominence to the Monumento alla Vittoria monument. At the back of the monument is a slightly trapezoid square, the eastern half of which is covered by a strictly geometrical park. The western area is framed by properly structured façades of buildings whose severity, impressiveness and material are such as to instil devotion and respect. Here too the theme of arches (colonnade), typical of the city centre of Bolzano, is recalled. The arches here are used with a modern and monumental style in the palaces around Piazza della Vittoria and along the new main road going west (currently Via della Libertà).